With the Indian government’s upcoming vehicle scrapage policy, the car recycling process is likely to pick up the pace in India.There are several business that can evolve organically and inorganically from auto recycling. Some of them are mentioned below
1. Scrap Metal Recycling:
It is estimated that the average weight of a car is 1,400 kg, out of which it consist of 900 kg steel, 100 kg Aluminum and 20 kg Copper that can be recycled. Auto recycling will open new opportunities for metal recyclers and processors in India. According to government’s estimate there are about 28 million vehicles that can be recycled. We can imagine quantity of metal scrap that can we generated.
2. Tires Recycling :
Every day, India produces about 650,000 tyres and disposes 275,000. But, only a fraction of the disposed tyres go for recycling Estimates show that about 100 million tyres require recycling every year.Tires are one of the largest and most problematic source of waste. Through processes like ambient shredding and cryogenic grinding, tires can be turned into products including synthetic turf, playground surfaces and road embankments, which can be reused.
Recycling: Vehicle batteries should be recycled the most as they are made of lead, which is an extremely toxic material. The process of batteries recycling is extremely simple. Moreover, the Indian government had also initiated Battery Handling Management Rules (BMHR) Project for lead recycling by collecting scrap batteries; encouraging lead recycling in the country.
4. Used Spare Parts:
Spare parts, including water pumps, starter & alternates, belts, rubber hoses and engines can be remanufactured and reused. Return pumps and other parts to auto parts stores like NAPA Auto Parts to recoup the ‘core charge,’ which is a form of deposit you pay when you buy a new part and get back when you return it. Programs like this encourage customers to bring back old parts rather than just throwing them away, reducing waste.
Belts and chains are among the most important components under the hood of a car. If they’re still in good shape, with none of the visual signs that it’s time for replacement, they can be reclaimed from a junked car and used again.
Generally plastics are considered as ASR (Automobile Shredder Residue) and are used as landfill. But there are technologies existing in Europe and China, which can recycle plastic into high quality virgin substitute resins.
6. Online Platform/Exchange for Salvage and Obsolete Cars:
Technology will play a key role in making auto recycling a success in India. There could be high potential for online platform for salvage and obsolete cars. People who are willing to dispose their cars can place on this exchange and auto recyclers can bid them online.
This concept is popular in US and Europe. There are tech companies in India which are working on this concept.